Learning How to Learn

I. Focused versus Diffuse Thinking

1.1 - Introduction to the focused and diffuse modes

  • These are the two different ways of thinking.

1.2 - Introduction to the course structure

1.3 - Using the focused and diffuse modes

* When learning something new, the brain needs to go between the focused and diffuse modes a lot of times.
* We need to do a little bit everyday.

1.3A - What is learning ?

1.4 - A procrastination preview

  • Do a Pomodoro of 25 minutes to avoid procrastination:
    1. 25 of intensive focus
    2. no distraction
    3. reward of this time.

1.5 - Practice makes permanent

1.6 - Introduction to memory

  • 4 slots in short term memory
  • Spaced repetitions: repeat what we need to learn on days 1,2,3,5 and 7.

1.7 - The importance of sleep in learning

  • Sleep is needed to wash away the toxins in the brain.
  • It is also necessary to memorize the new patterns.
  • Willing to dream about something can increase the chances to dream about it.

1.8 - Interview with Dr. Terrence Sejnowski

1.9 - Summary

II. Chunking

2.0 - Introduction to week 2 - Chunking

2.1 - What is a chunk ?

A neural pattern that “make sense” created through practice and repetition.

2.2 - How to form a chunk - part 1

2.3 - How to form a chunk - part 2

2.4 - Illusions of competence

  • Using recall is the best way to learn something from a written material.
  • Recalling in different physical locations can also be very helpful.

2.4A - What motivates you

2.5 - The value of a library of chunks

2.6 - Overlearning, choking, Einstellung and interleaving

  • Einstellung: blocking “installation” preventing discovery of new (better) ideas.

2.7 - Chunking summary